Community Property State Definition, Information and List

Community Property State Definition

community property states

Community Property State Definition

The definition of a Community Property State is a state in which the law considers that property acquired by a married couple during their marriage is joint property. This is the case even if only one spouse acquired solely it his or her name. Creditors with a civil judgment against one spouse can enforce it by seizing the assets of the debtor. What is more, they can also seize the assets of the debtor’s spouse. Plus, they can take those held jointly by both spouses.
The concept is that the husband and wife each obtain a one-half interest in what the law calls community property. When the asset was obtained is one determining factor. Community property is typically considered to be the assets that couple owns and that were obtained while married. An exception might be separate property either spouse owns individually. For example, separate property includes the assets that each individual brings into the marriage. It can also include property that either spouse inherits during the marriage.

States that have adopted such statutes that utilize a community property method of dividing resources patterned their statutes after Spain and France. Napoleonic Code influenced each of these standards. After viewing this, you may want to know about some other statutory protections. You can view the homestead exemptions and IRA creditor exemptions by state.

Tenancy by the Entirety States

Tenancy by the Entirety & Community Property Table

The following is a table of the Community Property States as well as the Tenancy by the Entirety States. It also reveals how each state relates TBE to real and personal property.

StatesTenancy
by the Entirety
Real
Property
Personal
Property
Community
Property State
AlabamaNo
AlaskaYesYesYes
ArizonaNoYes
ArkansasYesYesYes
CaliforniaNoYes
ColoradoNo
ConnecticutNo
DelawareYesYesYes
District of
Columbia
YesYesYes
FloridaYesYesYes
GeorgiaNo
HawaiiYesYesYes
IdahoNoYes
IllinoisYesYesNo
IndianaYesYesNo
IowaNo
KansasNo
KentuckyYesYesNo
LouisianaNoYes
MaineNo
MarylandYesYesYes
MassachusettsYesYesYes
MichiganYesYesNo
MinnesotaNo
MississippiYesYesYes
MissouriYesYesYes
MontanaNo
NebraskaNo
NevadaNoYes
New HampshireNo
New JerseyYesYesYes
New MexicoNoYes
New YorkYesYesNo
North CarolinaYesYesNo
North DakotaNo
OhioNo
OklahomaYesYesYes
OregonYesYesNo
PennsylvaniaYesYesYes
Rhode IslandYesYesYes
South CarolinaNo
South DakotaNo
TennesseeYesYesYes
TexasNoYes
UtahNo
VermontYesYesYes
VirginiaYesYesYes
WashingtonNoYes
West VirginiaNo
WisconsinNoYes
WyomingYesYesYes

The information about planning your asset protection strategy, tenancy by the entirety states and community property states was believed to be accurate at the time it was published. But no warranties or guarantees are given about the accuracy or completeness of the information.